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UN report calls for bolder climate action to peak emissions by 2030

A new report from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) finds that bolder steps and accelerated action are needed to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 43 percent by 2030 so that the world can keep pace with global temperature rise to stay within the 1.5 degree Celsius target.

The report notes that national climate action plans are still insufficient to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and that even as some countries step up their efforts, more action is needed now to further reduce the world’s emissions trajectory and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. Climate Change.

The IPCC’s latest scientific assessment states that greenhouse gas emissions would need to be reduced by 43 percent from 2019 levels by 2030 to limit temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius by the end of the century and to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, including more frequent and severe droughts, heatwaves, and rainfall.

UN report calls for bolder climate action to peak emissions by 2030

The UNFCCC report highlights that by 2030, emissions are projected to be 2% below 2019 levels, emphasizing that global emissions will peak within this decade.

Simon Steele, Executive Secretary of the UN Climate Change, noted that the opening of the 28th Conference of the Parties (COP 28) in Dubai at the end of this month will be a “clear turning point” for action by governments, policymakers and industry leaders. Bolder steps are being taken to address the risks of climate change,” he emphasized.

He emphasized that “governments must not only agree on what stronger climate actions will be taken, but also begin to demonstrate how they will be implemented.”

Steele said the latest UN report shows that governments are now “taking small steps to avert a climate crisis. It also shows why governments must take big steps forward at COP28 in Dubai to get on track.”

The conclusion to be drawn from COP28’s first global stocktake, he said, is that “countries can regain momentum, step up their efforts in all areas, and get on track to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.”

In essence, the stocktake will form the basis for the next round of climate action plans under the Paris Agreement, known as Nationally Determined Contributions or “NDCs”, and should result in the next “accelerated actions” to address the climate crisis by 2025.

Steele explained that the UNFCCC’s “Global Stocktaking” report, released this year, “clearly shows where progress is too slow. But it also lays out the vast array of tools and solutions that countries are proposing.”

Taking this as a starting point, the U.N. official said, “Billions of people want to see their governments pick up this toolbox and put it to use.”

The UNFCCC has analyzed, to a large extent, the nationally owned contributions of at least 195 parties to the Paris Agreement, including 20 new and updated nationally owned contributions submitted as of September 25 of this year.

The UNFCCC noted, “Based on the results of last year’s analysis, today’s report shows that while emissions are no longer increasing after 2030 compared to 2019 levels, they still do not show the rapid downward trend that science suggests is necessary for this decade.” .

Steele, in particular, argued that “every fraction of a degree counts, but we’re seriously off track.COP28 It’s time for us to change that.”

He added, “It’s time to demonstrate the enormous benefits of bolder climate action: more jobs, higher wages, economic growth, opportunity and stability, less pollution and better health.”

In order to move forward in addressing peak emissions by 2030, the UN report notes “the need to operationalize the conditionality element of country-owned contributions, which depends largely on access to increased financial resources, technology transfer and technology cooperation, and capacity-building support”; as well as the availability of market-based mechanisms.”

Steele argued that by planning ahead using a global stocktake, “we can make COP28 a game changer and provide a springboard for a two-year surge in climate action”, emphasizing that “we need to rebuild trust in the Paris process”, which means delivering on all commitments, especially the financial ones. all commitments, especially the financial ones, which are important enablers of climate action; and ensuring that we build resilience to climate impacts everywhere.”

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